Turkey plans to offer Syrian refugees work permits in order to encourage fewer of them to migrate, Volkan Bozkir, Turkey’s minister for European Affairs, said on Monday, amid EU pressure to reduce the flow of migrants.
Bozkir was speaking after meeting European Commission Vice-President Frans Timmermans, who last week said the European Union was far from satisfied with Turkey’s efforts to prevent migrants from crossing the Aegean Sea to Greece.
“We are trying to reduce the pressure for illegal migration by giving Syrians in Turkey work permits,” Bozkir told reporters after the meeting Timmermans in Ankara.
The number of people immigrating illegally exceeded 150,000 in 2015, and Turkish authorities stopped 500 migrants daily, Bozkir also said.
Turkey is the world’s biggest host of refugees amid the greatest global movement of refugees ever recorded.
More than 2.2 million Syrians have sought refuge in Turkey from the civil war, now in its sixth year. Another 200,000 Iraqi refugees also shelter there, and migrants from Iran, Afghanistan and Africa all use Turkey as a transit point to Europe.
Turkey, which aspires to join the EU, struck a deal with the EU in November to prevent migrants from traveling to Europe in return for 3 billion euro in cash, a deal on visas and renewed talks on joining the 28-nation bloc.
The Turkish government has been weighing plans to make it easier for Syrians to earn a living, but it has been hampered by a domestic unemployment rate of about 10 per cent as economic growth slows.
Hundreds of thousands of Syrians and other foreigners work illegally for low wages, but only about 6,000 Syrians have been given work permits, according to the International Labour Organisation, a United Nations agency.
Currently, refugees under temporary protection can work within the refugee community in Turkey, for example as doctors or teachers in camps