India were bowled out for 215 in their first innings during the post-tea session on the opening day of the third Test against South Africa in Nagpur on Wednesday.
Murali Vijay top-scored with 40 after the hosts won the toss and elected to bat on a dry, dusty pitch at the VCA stadium.
Off-spinner Simon Harmer claimed four wickets for 78 runs and fast bowler Morne Morkel took three for 35.
India lead the four-match series 1-0 after winning the first Test in Mohali by 108 runs. The rain-hit second game in Bangalore was drawn.