Asylum seekers were among those involved in the violence on New Year’s Eve in Cologne, the German interior ministry said on Friday.
Ministry spokesman Tobias Plate told a news conference that federal police had identified 31 people by name who played a role in the violence, 18 of whom were in the process of seeking asylum in Germany.
Plate said the vast majority of the 32 criminal acts documented by federal police on the night were tied to theft and bodily injury. Three were related to sexual assaults, although police had no names tied to these acts.
He said of the 31 people questioned, nine had been Algerian, eight Moroccan, five Iranian, and four Syrian. Two German citizens, an Iraqi, a Serb and a U.S. citizen were also among those seen to have committed crimes during the night.
Germany’s ruling parties promised on Friday to crack down aggressively on migrants who commit crimes, after assaults on women in Cologne on New Year’s Eve stoked debate about Chancellor Angela Merkel’s welcoming policy towards refugees.
Some 121 women are reported to have been robbed, threatened or sexually molested there by gangs of mostly drunk men between 18 and 35 years old while out celebrating.
Cologne’s police chief has said the perpetrators appeared to be of “Arab or North African” origin and the head of the police union in the region was quoted by German daily Die Welt as saying there were “definitely” refugees among them.
In response to the assaults, Merkel’s Christian Democrats (CDU) have called for tougher penalties against offending asylum seekers, according to a draft paper seen by Reuters ahead of a meeting of the party leadership in Mainz.
The paper says refugees and asylum seekers who have been sentenced to prison or probation should be barred from eligibility for asylum.
This sentiment was echoed by Vice Chancellor Sigmar Gabriel, who is also leader of the Social Democrats (SPD), coalition partners to Merkel’s conservatives.
“Why should German taxpayers pay to imprison foreign criminals,” Gabriel said. “The threat of having to spend time behind bars in their home country is far more of a deterrent than a prison sentence in Germany.”
Cologne police have not confirmed that refugees were among the attackers on New Year’s Eve, but Arnold Plickert, chief of the police union in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia said there was no doubt in his mind.
“The suggestion that nothing points to refugees as being among the attackers is wrong in my view,” Plickert told Die Welt. “There were definitely refugees among the perpetrators.”
The CDU paper calls for lower barriers to deport criminal asylum seekers, increased video surveillance and the creation of a new criminal offence for physical assault.
The assaults have raised doubts over whether Germany, which took in 1.1 million refugees last year, can succeed in integrating the latest wave and prompted renewed calls for limits on the number of new arrivals.
“If a direct link is shown between the assaults and the arrival of Middle Eastern migrants, the CDU could lose ground in state elections in March, and Merkel will come under greater pressure to introduce an upper limit on the number of migrants entering Germany,” said Eurasia analyst Mujtaba Rahman.
A new poll for public broadcaster ARD showed Merkel’s popularity rising 4 points to 58 percent and support for her conservative bloc up to 39 percent.
Peter Tauber, general secretary of the CDU, rejected the idea of a cap but appeared to acknowledge that some refugees were not respecting German laws.
“There are many refugees that are happy to have survived, to have made it here and who are looking for jobs. These people who can contribute to our country are welcome,” he told Deutschlandfunk. “But clearly there are also some who haven’t understood what kind of opportunity they’ve been given.”
Julia Kloeckner, leader of the CDU in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate who is seen as a possible successor to Merkel one day, told ZDF television the attacks had been a wake up call for Germany.
“I think we really need to take off the blinkers,” she said.